The San Gabriel Mountains are a mountain range located in northern Los Angeles County north of the San Gabriel Valley and also in western San Bernardino County. Arcadia and Sierra Madre are to the south. The Angeles National Forest is located within the San Gabriel Mountains. The San Gabriel Mountains and the Angeles National Forest are the watershed areas for the San Gabriel River. The Antelope Valley, which includes the cities of Palmdale and Lancaster, is to the north. The Sierra Pelona Mountains are to the northwest. The highest peak is Mount San Antonio, also known as Mt. Baldy, which stands at 10,068 feet. Mount Wilson is another well-known peak which stands at 5,710 feet. The main road that runs through the San Gabriel Mountains is Angeles Crest Highway, State Route 2. It starts in La Caņada Flintridge and ends just past Wrightwood near Victor Valley where it joins State Route 138. A second major road is the Angeles Forest Highway that starts about eleven miles northeast of La Caņada Flintridge at its Angeles Crest Highway junction and ends near Acton. Mountain High and Mt. Baldy are two popular ski resorts in the San Gabriel Mountains.
San Gabriel Wilderness
The San Gabriel Wilderness is a wilderness area established by the U.S. Forest Service in 1968. The 36,118 acre area is located within the Angeles National Forest on the southern slopes of the San Gabriel Mountains and north of the San Gabriel Valley. The closest city is Pasadena which is to the south. Bear Creek Trail, Mt. Waterman Trail, and Devil’s Canyon Trail all provide access.
San Gabriel Mountains National Monument
The San Gabriel Mountains National Monument consists of 346,177 acres that include parts of the Angeles National Forest and the San Bernardino National Forest in Southern California. The San Gabriel Mountains National Monument includes the San Gabriel Wilderness, the Sheep Mountain Wilderness, the Pleasant View Ridge Wilderness, Mount Baden-Powell, Mount San Antonio, and Throop Peak.
The Cucamonga Wilderness is a 12,781 acre federally designated wilderness area located north of Rancho Cucamonga in the eastern San Gabriel Mountains in San Bernardino County. The Southern California wilderness area is managed by the United States Forest Service.
Mount Lukins is the highest mountain in the City of Los Angeles standing at 5,074 feet. It is located at the west end of the San Gabriel Mountains providing spectacular views of La Crescenta – Montrose, most of the Crescenta Valley, the Verdugo Mountains, most of the San Fernando Valley, and a large part of the Los Angeles Basin. On a clear day, the Santa Monica Bay can be seen. Mount Lukins is located within the Angeles National Forest in Los Angeles County. The best access from the south is from the Deukmejian Wilderness Park which is at the far north end of Glendale. The mountain can be climbed any time of the year, but camping is not permitted.
San Gabriel Peak
San Gabriel Peak is a 6,164 foot mountain peak in the Angeles National Forest and San Gabriel Mountains located in northern Los Angeles County. San Gabriel Peak is northwest of La Caņada – Flintridge and north of Pasadena.
Throop Peak is a 9,142 foot high mountain peak in the San Gabriel Mountains National Monument which is in the Angeles National Forest and the San Gabriel Mountains. Throop Peak is in Los Angeles County north of Glendora and San Dimas which are in the northeastern San Gabriel Valley.
Mount Wilson is a well-known mountain peak in the San Gabriel Mountains and the Angeles National Forest in north Los Angeles County. Mount Wilson is the site of the Mount Wilson Observatory which is an astronomical center with a 100 inch telescope. On a clear day, the Pacific Ocean and Santa Catalina Island are visible from the peak.
Mount Burnham is a 9,001 foot peak in the Sheep Mountain Wilderness area of the Angeles National Forest which is within the San Gabriel Mountains. It was named after Frederick R. Burnham who was one of the founders of the Boy Scouts. The mountain was originally named North Baldy Mountain.
Mountain High is a ski resort in the San Gabriel Mountains in north Los Angeles County, just west of the resort town of Wrightwood. It is the most visited winter resort in Southern California. Its elevation is from 6,600 to 8,200 feet. Lessons and rentals are available.
San Antonio Heights
San Antonio Heights is an affluent community and a census-designated area in San Bernardino County. It is in the northeastern Pomona Valley and the foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains just north of Upland. The population is approximately 4,000.
Mount Baden – Powell
Mount Baden – Powell is a 9,407 foot peak in the Angeles National Forest and San Gabriel Mountains. It was named after Robert Baden-Powell who was the founder of the Scouting Movement which includes Cub Scouts, Boy Scouts, and Rover Scouts. The mountain was originally named East Twin Mountain.
Waterman Mountain, commonly referred to as Mt. Waterman, is an 8,030 foot mountain and popular Southern California ski area in the San Gabriel Mountains and Angeles National Forest in Los Angeles County. Mount Waterman is located north of Pasadena, northeast of La Caņada-Flintridge, and directly east of La Crescenta. A private ski resort has leased most of the mountain and provides services.
Placerita Canyon State Park
Placerita Canyon State Park is a California State Park in the San Gabriel Mountains in the northern part of Los Angeles County located north of San Fernando and Sylmar, and southwest of Santa Clarita. Placerita Canyon State Park preserves the site of the first documented discovery of gold in California which took place in 1842 and offers numerous hiking trails. The Tataviam Indians occupied the area for thousands of years before it was claimed by Spain and later by Mexico.
Chantry Flat is a major recreational area in the San Gabriel Mountains and Angeles National Forest, located approximately three miles into the Santa Anita Canyon, north of Arcadia and Sierra Madre. Chantry Flat offers a large number of picnic tables, restrooms, and barbeques, and is the trailhead for several historic trails including the 28.5 mile Gabrielo Trail. The Gabrielo Trail also has a trailhead to the west in Altadena.
Santa Anita Creek
Santa Anita Canyon, also known as Big Santa Anita Canyon, is a scenic canyon in the Angeles National Forest and San Gabriel Mountains. The canyon is located north of Sierra Madre and Arcadia in the San Gabriel Valley section of Los Angeles County where easy access is available. The creek within the canyon is known as Santa Anita Creek, and is part of the watershed of the Rio Hondo which flows from the San Gabriel Mountains through the Whittier Narrows to the Los Angeles River. The canyon is a popular place for hiking and viewing its streams, waterfalls, and other beautiful scenery. There are more than 40 miles of trails within Santa Anita Canyon.
Chino Creek is a 12.7 mile creek in the Inland Empire that drains an area from the San Gabriel Mountains to the Santa Ana River. The creek’s watershed spans parts of Los Angeles County, San Bernardino County, and Riverside County. Tributaries include San Antonio Creek, Mill Creek, and Little Chino Creek. The Santa Ana River flows into the Pacific Ocean near Huntington Beach.
San Antonio Creek
San Antonio Creek is a significant creek in both Los Angeles County and San Bernardino County that has its headwaters near Mount San Antonio Creek, which is approximately 20.7 miles long, drains southward into Chino Creek which is in a major tributary of the Santa Ana River.
San Antonio Dam and Resovoir
The San Antonio Dam is a dam, completed in 1956, on the San Antonio Creek in San Bernardino County approximately five miles north of Ontario. The 160 foot high dam provides flood protection as part of the Santa Ana River System.
The Newhall Pass, previously called the Fremont Pass and the San Fernando Pass, separates the Santa Susana Mountains from the San Gabriel Mountains. The pass links the Santa Clarita Valley to the San Fernando Valley and is the primary entry into the Greater Los Angeles Area from Santa Clarita. The Newhall Pass is located within Los Angeles County.
Big Tujunga Dam and Reservoir
The Big Tujunga Dam, constructed in 1931, spans the Big Tujunga Creek, just northeast of Sunland, forming the Big Tujunga Reservoir. The Big Tujunga Creek is a major stream in Los Angeles County with its headwaters deep in the Angeles National Forest and San Gabriel Mountains. The stream flows for nearly 29 miles joining Little Tujunga Creek to form the Tujunga Wash near Pacoima in the San Fernando Valley.
Eaton Canyon is a major canyon in the San Gabriel Mountains within the Angeles National Forest. It drains into the Rio Hondo River and downstream into the Los Angeles River.
Eaton Canyon Park and Nature Center
The Eaton Canyon Park and Nature Center is a 190 acre nature preserve located at the base of the San Gabriel Mountains just north of Pasadena and Altadena. The zoological, botanical, and geological nature preserve features hiking trails, equestrian trails with a staging area, picnic areas, and seasonal streams.
Eaton Wash Dam – Reservoir
The Eaton Canyon Dam was built on Eaton Canyon Wash in 1937 forming the 54 acre Eaton Canyon Reservoir. The rock fill dam is 63 feet high and 1,545 feet in length. Its primary purpose is flood control. Eaton Canyon Creek flows south from the San Gabriel Mountains, becoming Eaton Canyon Wash. It then flows into the Rio Hondo and eventually into the Pacific Ocean.
Fish Canyon Falls
The Fish Canyon Falls is a beautiful, three tiered waterfall in Los Angeles County, located within the Angeles National Forest section of the San Gabriel Mountains, about two miles north of Azusa on the Fish Canyon Creek. The water drops eighty feet in three tiers. The falls can be reached via the Fish Canyon Falls Trail.
San Gabriel River Bike Trail
The San Gabriel River Bike Trail is a 38 mile bicycle path along the San Gabriel River. It starts at the base of the San Gabriel Mountains, extends through the El Dorado Park in Long Beach, and terminates at the Pacific Ocean in Seal Beach, Orange County.
Silver Moccasin Trail
Silver Moccasin Trail is a 53 mile trail that starts at Chantry Flat Recreation Area north of Arcadia in the Angeles National Forest and San Gabriel Mountains. The trail connects Mount Baden-Powell, Mount Burnham, Throop Peak, and Mount Hawkins. The trail Reaches to 9,399 feet on Mount Baden-Powell, just below the peak which is at 9,407 feet. The trail ends at Vincent Gap which is on the Angeles Crest Highway near Wrightwood.
Southern California Watersheds
A watershed is an area of land that collects water whenever it rains or snows and from irrigation. Through gravity, water channeled into soils, groundwater, creeks, and lakes, drain into larger bodies of water and eventually to the ocean. Due to the large volume of storm water, it cannot be treated before it reaches the ocean. Since we all live in a watershed, we can all help in keeping our area free of harmful chemicals and other waste.
The Cajon Pass is a wide mountain pass in Southern California between the San Bernardino Mountains and the San Gabriel Mountains linking San Bernardino to Victor Valley.
Henninger Flats Trail and Campground
Henninger Flats Trail is a 5.8 mile out and back trail just north of Pasadena in the San Gabriel Mountains. The trail leads to Hunninger Flats Campground and offers great views of the western San Gabriel Valley and parts of Los Angeles.
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